Vol 12, No 1

Table of Contents

  1. Research Article
    A Review of Asian Financial Crisis in the End of 1990s PDF
    Iat Un Kuok, Xia Pan, Qiang Zhou, Yingxin Wu
    In Asian Financial Crisis during the end of 1990s, millions of people lost their money in one day, international investors were reluctant to lend to developing countries, leading to economic slowdowns in developing countries in many parts of the world. This paper will talk about how the crisis become, speculators how to speculated the financial market, a case in HK how to defeat speculators attack, and IMF provided support package for rescuing attacked countries.  We hope our paper can give some ideas to people and show the importance on balancing the domestic economy to avoid the crisis happen again.

  2. Research Article
    Unmet Need for Family Planning among Teenage Women in Kenya PDF
    Omedi Gilbert, Nyauchi Benard
    Logistic regression analysis was applied on 2008/09 KDHS data in order to analyse the determinants of unmet need among teenage women in Kenya. Similar factors were found to affect both unmet need for spacing and total unmet need at bivariate level. Teens who had attained secondary or higher education, of medium and high wealth indices, and those who had an almost daily exposure to mass media were less likely to experience unmet need. Those who were ever married, aged at least 17 years and residents of Coast, Nyanza, Rift Valley and Western provinces were more likely to report unmet need for family planning. Multivariate analyses revealed that teenagers in the medium and high wealth indices households were less likely, while those aged 17 and 18 years, in the ever-married category, and whose exposure to mass media frequency is of a weekly basis were more likely, to experience unmet need for family planning.

  3. Research Article
    Investigation of 4th Grade Students' Geometric Thinking Levels and Success Scores in Terms of Different Variables PDF
    Volkan SAYIN, Keziban ORBAY
    The aim of this study is to investigate the 4th grade students' geometric thinking levels and achievement scores in terms of some demographic variables by using the Geometric Thinking Level Test. The data has been collected with 429 elementary school students at 10 elementary schools in Amasya employing the Geometric Thinking Level Test. The collected data has been analyzed by SPSS22 program. Based on analyzing the collected data, it is found that 4th grade students' geometric thinking level is low. Furthermore, participant students' geometric thinking success score has been examined. As a result; even though gender, parents' education level, parents' occupation, and using computer at home are statistically significant, whether or not getting pre-elementary education is not statistically significant on students' geometric thinking success score.

  4. Research Article
    A Theoretical Model for Pedagogical Innovation: A Tripartite Construction of Pedagogical Innovation Focusing on Reasons for and Means of Innovating PDF
    Anne Mai WALDER
    In the face of turmoil experienced by universities today, a significant change is anticipated, which proves to favour innovation. In order to complete the existing body of knowledge on pedagogical innovation, I explore through qualitative research, the various elements taken into account by teachers while innovating. Drawing on discourse recorded by professors at the University of Montreal, I have extracted the parameters relating to pedagogical innovation, and would therefore like to propose a new theoretical model. Considering reasons for and means of innovation, the construction of pedagogical innovation is dependent on the professor, the students, the Scholarship of Teaching and Learning, institutional culture, disciplinary culture and the reality of the outside world.